DTC 44 (KOER); Right Thermactor Inoperative; "...I had a similar issue that turned out to be the vacuum line to the Thermactor Air Bypass Valve. No CEL, just a code; 1. First check that the two vacuum lines are connected to the Vacuum Reservoir (coffee can) and the resevoir is in good repair with no leaks on the bottom. Frequently the can leaks or the vacuum lines are accidentally knocked off. Check the vacuum hose to the bottom of the Bypass Valve. Check the vacuum hose to the Diverter Valve. Check the vacuum hoses to the TAB/TAD Solenoids. Then check your TAB/TAD Solenoids. These are common easy to miss problems. Once these are ruled out all that is left is: Thermactor Air Supply Hoses. One-way Check Valves. Main TAB/TAD Valves..."
Source: by Seattle FSB (SeattleFSB) at FSB
and you know this guy, right?
DTC 44 (KOER); Right Thermactor Inoperative; "...indicates a Thermactor Air System leak which could be anywhere from the smog pump up front to include EGR solenoiids over on the right inside fender liner and all the way to the back of the engine which is what you see in the photos. There is also a smog tube that runs along the passenger side engine below the valve cover which runs to the back of the FI plenum up to a Air Bypass Valve (plastic) crossing over to the cross-over tube (exhaust) which is connected to that and the CAT, check valve and tube below. the Thermactor system is designed to capture spent gases and ultimatley send them down to the CAT to burn off etc. If you look closely you'll see the chek valve and CO tube is pipe threaded, use some anti-seize and don't over tighten and when putting the valve on the tube, you don't need a gasket for the CO tube ends but rather just use some bearing grease which melts and forms a nice gasket seal. this is a tip from Steve83; gaskets burn off and go away after a while and you're back with another vacuum leak etc..."
Source: by JKossarides ("The Bronco", Jean) at FSB
Code 44/311 or 94/314 indicates that secondary air injection system is inoperative. Code 45/312 indicates that secondary air is incorrectly routed. Code 46/313 indicates that secondary air is not by-passed when directed. Possible causes for these faults are:
• Vacuum hoses leaking, blocked or kinked.
• Secondary air injection valve inoperative.
• Secondary air injection solenoid defective or blocked.
For testing using breakout box, go to the EEC CONNECTOR pin instead;
EEC IV Connector Pin Legend by Ryan M (Fireguy50)
EEC V Connector Pin Depiction with Pin Numbers
by Ryan M (Fireguy50)
Check for correct vacuum hose routing to AIRB/AIRD solenoids and by-pass diverter valve. See Vehicle Emission Control Information (VECI) label. Check for kinked or blocked vacuum hoses. Check for kinked or blocked air hoses. Check for disconnected vacuum hoses. If faults are detected, repair as necessary and repeat QUICK TEST. If no faults are detected and Code 44/311 or 94/314 is present, go to step 4). If Code 46/313 is present, go to step 3). If Code 45/312 is present, go to step 2).
2) Attempt To Eliminate Code 45/312 :
Disconnect and plug vacuum hose at AIRD valve. Repeat KOER SELF-TEST. If Code 45/312 is present, EEC-IV system is okay. Inspect diverter valve and check valve for faults. If Code 45/312 is not present, go to step 4).
3) Attempt To Eliminate Code 46/313 :
Disconnect and plug vacuum hose at by-pass valve. Repeat KOER SELF-TEST. If Code 46/313 is present, EEC-IV system is okay. Check by-pass valve for problem. If Code 46/313 is not present, go to step 4).
4) OUTPUT STATE CHECK :
Use only a VOM or DVOM for this step. DO NOT use scan tester. Turn ignition off. Disconnect cruise control servo (if equipped). With DVOM on 20-volt scale, connect DVOM negative lead to STO terminal at Data Link Connector (DLC). Connect positive lead to positive battery terminal. Using jumper wire, connect STI to SIG RTN at DLC. See Fig. 12 and Fig. 13. Perform KOEO SELF-TEST until continuous memory test is complete. DVOM will read less than one volt when test is complete. Depress and release throttle. If voltage increases, OUTPUT STATE CHECK has been entered. Go to step 5). If voltage does not increase, depress throttle to WOT and release. If STO voltage does not increase, go to CIRCUIT TEST QC.
5) Check Solenoid Electrical Operation :
Set DVOM on 20-volt scale. Disconnect AIRB/AIRD solenoids. Connect DVOM positive lead to VPWR terminal and negative lead to AIRB terminal at AIRB solenoid wiring harness connector. While observing DVOM, depress and release throttle several times to cycle output on and off. Repeat test for AIRD solenoid. Connect DVOM positive lead to VPWR terminal and negative test lead to AIRD terminal on AIRD solenoid wiring harness connector. Cycle AIRD solenoid on and off. If either solenoid does not cycle more than 0.5 volt, remove jumper and go to step 9). If both solenoids cycle more than 0.5 volt, stay in OUTPUT STATE CHECK. Reconnect solenoids and go to step 6).
Key off. Disconnect both AIRB/AIRD solenoid connectors and measure both solenoid resistances. Is each resistance between 50 and 100 ohms?..."
TAB, TAD, E$VR Wiring Diagram in an 86 5.0
Source: by Seattle FSB (SeattleFSB)
6) Check Solenoids For Vacuum Cycling :
Connect vacuum pump to solenoid vacuum supply port. Connect vacuum gauge to output port. Maintain 15 in. Hg at vacuum source while depressing and releasing throttle to cycle output on and off. Observe vacuum gauge. Repeat for other solenoid. If either output does not cycle on and off, replace solenoid assembly and repeat QUICK TEST. If both outputs cycle on and off, go to step 7).
7) Check Solenoids For Internal Vacuum Leaks :
Connect a vacuum pump to AIRB solenoid supply port. Connect a vacuum gauge to AIRB solenoid output port. Apply 15 in. Hg at vacuum source. Observe gauge while depressing and releasing throttle to cycle output on and off. Repeat test for AIRD solenoid. If solenoids cycle on and off, fault is in secondary air injection system (belt, pump, valve or reservoir). If solenoids do not cycle on and off, replace solenoid assembly and repeat QUICK TEST.
8) Codes 81/553 & 82/552 :
Codes 81/553 and 82/552 indicate voltage output for secondary air injection solenoid did not change when activated. Possible causes for this fault are:
• AIRB/AIRD circuit(s) shorted or open.
• Fault in solenoid or PCM.
Disconnect both solenoid connectors. Turn ignition on. Measure voltage between VPWR terminal of wiring harness connector and battery ground for both solenoids. If either voltage reading is less than 10.5 volts, repair wiring harness open circuit, and repeat QUICK TEST. If both readings are 10.5 volts or more, go to step 9).
9)Measure Solenoid Resistance :
Turn ignition off. Leave solenoid connectors disconnected. Measure resistance of both solenoids. If either reading is not 50-100 ohms, replace solenoid assembly and repeat QUICK TEST. If both readings are 50-100 ohms, go to step 10).
10) Check Circuit Continuity :
Leave ignition off. Disconnect PCM 60-pin connector. Inspect terminals, and repair if damaged. Install EEC-IV Breakout Box (T83L-50-EEC-IV), leaving PCM disconnected. Measure resistance between AIRB test pin and AIRB terminal at wiring harness connector. Measure resistance between AIRD test pin and AIRD terminal at wiring harness connector. If either reading is 5 ohms or more, repair open circuit and repeat QUICK TEST. If both readings are less than 5 ohms, go to step 11).
11) Check For Short To Ground :
Leave ignition off and solenoids disconnected. Measure resistance between test pin No. 51 and test pins No. 40, 46 and 60 at breakout box. Measure resistance between test pin No. 11 and test pins No. 40, 46 and 60. If any reading is less than 10,000 ohms, repair short to ground and repeat QUICK TEST. If all readings are 10,000 ohms or more, go to step 12).
12) Check For Short To Power Circuit :
Turn ignition off. Measure resistance between test pin No. 51 and test pins No. 37 and 57 at break-out box. Measure resistance between test pin No. 11 and test pins No. 37 and 57 at breakout box. If any resistance is less than 10,000 ohms, repair short to power and repeat QUICK TEST. If code is repeated, replace PCM. If all resistances are 10,000 ohms or more, replace PCM and repeat QUICK TEST.