Not technically, but if you have big vacuum leaks, it would cause the engine to run so poorly, that a new driver might notice it shifting weirdly. I fixed a 2002 Taurus with 4 broken vacuum hoses, the computer gave us TPS, O2 & torque converter codes. http://fordfuelinjection.com/?p=93
:stupid Just like most malfunctions, the symptoms are almost always many-fold, and don't always point right to the source. This is why diagnosis & proper testing are important, as well as appropriate service.
One can of brake clean and a little gas to run vehicle while spraying vacuum lines. Follow each line and spray them with a cheap can of carb or brake clean if u hit the leak the engine will idle up or down depending on the type of leak. Time consuming but it works.